In 2015 the total number of international migrants reached 244 million. By the end of 2016, 65.6 million people, including 22.5 million refugees, were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations, the largest movement of forcibly displaced people since the Second World War. People in transit are particularly vulnerable to slavery and human trafficking which has become the world’s fastest growing crime, generating approximately $150 billion in illegal profits each year. In 2016 it is estimated that 45.8 million people were in some form of modern slavery in 167 countries.
Economic migration, the refugee crisis and trafficking are complex and interconnected global issues. At the Legatum Institute we believe that all people, regardless of whether they feature in a migration, refugee or trafficking statistic, should have the opportunity to build pathways from poverty to prosperity. Our Global People Movements programme will work with local and international partners, to develop data driven solutions to what is fast becoming the greatest humanitarian challenge of our generation.